Understanding the Causes and Cures of Hot Spots

A hot spot is a hairless, intensely itchy patch found on a dog’s skin. They are also known as acute moist dermatitis, moist dermatitis and pyotraumatic dermatitis. As a responsible dog owner, it’s very important for you to be aware of the causes and cures of hot spots- one of the most common dog problems.

Causes of hot spots:

  • Allergies: Allergies are one of the most common causes of hot spots. The allergy can be due to certain kinds of pollen, food or even the detergent used in their bedding.
  • Flea Bites: The chemical nature of the saliva of the fleas can create hot spots.
  • Anal gland problems: If the hot spots occur under your dog’s trail, the reason could be an infection or impaction of the anal gland.
  • Poor grooming: Unhygienic living conditions and poor grooming too can lead to hot spots in dogs.

In certain cases, mosquito bites and ear infections can also be the causes of hot spots. If the problem is severe, it’s better to consult an experienced vet at the earliest. However, if the problem isn’t acute, you can treat it by following the below-mentioned simple steps:

  • Shave the area: You need to be very cautious and careful when shaving the affected area. A small mistake on your part can cause your dog a great deal of pain. Using the scissors and clippers, trim away the hair from the area in and around the wound.
  • Cleanse the area: Soak a towel or cloth with a mixture of cold water and gentle skin cleanser, such as hydrogen peroxide, and blot the entire wound. After doing this, you’ll notice that the wound doesn’t appear as awful as it did earlier. After thoroughly cleaning the area around the wound of dried blood, debris and dirt, put away the cloth. After this, give the entire area a few squirts of anti-itch spray.
  • Apply medication: Based on the size and severity of the hot spot, apply topical drying sprays, oral antibiotics or special shampoos, as prescribed by the veterinarian. Apply the ointment very carefully on the wound. After this, properly wrap the gauze around the wound.

Dogs have a habit of constantly licking their wounds and this further aggravates the problem of hot spots. Hence, to ensure that your dogs don’t lick, bite or scratch the area around the wound, apply bitter apple or any other equivalent spray to the bandage.

Natural Cures for hot spots: 

Black tea bags can prove to be one of the most effective natural cures. They contain tannic acids, which in turn help to dry out the sores and facilitate the healing process. You can apply the tea bags on the affected area and let it cool for around 5 minutes. Repeat the treatment around 3-6 times a day until the wound heals.

You can also consider applying Witch Hazel on the hot spots. It’s known to provide a soothing and cooling sensation.

Hot spots are one of the most common dog problems and many dog owners tend to ignore them at first. However, with time, the problem worsens and causes a tremendous amount of discomfort, irritation and pain to the dogs. Now that you know the common causes and cures for hot spots, ensure that your canine is rid of this problem at the earliest.


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